In California, there are approximately 56,000 businesses that have an on-premises license issued by the California Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC). Food service establishments can make up to 80% profit on mixed drinks, making getting a license worth it, even if the process is a little tricky.
- Do you need a liquor license to sell alcohol in California?
- Types of liquor licenses in California
- How long does it take to get a liquor license?
- How much does a liquor license cost in California?
- California liquor license requirements
- How to get a liquor license in California
- California liquor license renewal requirements
- Can a liquor license be transferred?
- What are employee requirements to serve alcohol in California?
- California’s liquor liability and dram shop laws
- What kind of insurance do you need to get a liquor license in California?
Do you need a liquor license to sell alcohol in California?
If you’re looking to open a food service business in California that sells alcohol, you will need a license issued by the California Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC).
With over 50 licenses available and an extremely in-depth and lengthy process, applying for a liquor license in California can be a bit intimidating. But the ABC has district offices throughout the state with staff on hand to help you throughout the process.
Types of liquor licenses in California
The California ABC offers over 50 licenses to sell alcohol in the state. For eateries looking to sell alcohol, you’ll want to consider two licenses: On-Sale Beer & Wine - Eating Place and On-Sale General - Eating Place.
An On-Sale Beer & Wine license allows for the sale of beer and wine only, while an On-Sale General license allows for the sale of beer, wine, and spirits. Recent changes in California law give the holder of either license the ability to sell beer or wine to-go as long as it is in its original sealed container (e.g., unopened cans of beer or unopened bottles of wine).
The number of On-Sale General licenses issued is limited to one license for every 2,000 people in each county. So, you might not be able to get a new license and instead will have to purchase one from an existing business.
There is no state limit for On-Sale Beer & Wine licenses.
How long does it take to get a liquor license?
Getting a liquor license in California can be a long process, so be prepared. ABC warns that a person-to-person license transfer takes an average of 75 days to be approved, while a new license takes an average of 90 days.
Why so long? Well, regardless of getting a new or transferred license, you’ll need to post a Public Notice of Application / Notice of Intention to Sell Alcohol on your future business for at least 30 days.
In addition, ABC thoroughly investigates you and your business, working with your local officials to ensure all ordinances will be adhered to before opening.
Due to the lengthy process, ABC warns against making extensive financial commitments or plans for grand openings until you have your license.
How much does a liquor license cost in California?
There are two costs for getting a liquor license in California: the application fee and the annual fee.
The application fee is what it costs to apply for a license, and the annual fee is what you must pay every year to keep your license valid.
On-Sale Beer & Wine license fees:
- Application fee (new): $990
- Application fee (transfer): $365
- Annual fee: $495
On-Sale General (beer, wine, and mixed beverages) fees:
- Application fee (new): $17,335
- Application fee (transfer): $1,370
- Annual fee: ranges from $860 to $1,355 depending on the size of the city you’ll be doing business in.
California liquor license requirements
To get a liquor license in California, you need to jump through several hoops in addition to the lengthy ABC application process.
First, you’ll need to request a Sales Tax Permit from the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. Don't forget this step — it is a misdemeanor to sell alcohol in the state without one.
Next, you’ll have to register with the Board of Equalization, which oversees the alcoholic beverage tax program. The alcoholic beverage tax program is a per-gallon excise tax collected on the sale, distribution, or importation of alcoholic beverages in California.
After that, you'll need to contact the nearest United States Treasury Department, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau office to ensure you meet all federal requirements. If a Federal basic permit or a special Occupational Tax Stamp is required, the same person applying for (and getting issued) the ABC license must be the one to apply.
Finally, before you open your business, you’ll need to contact your local county or city officials to determine if a local business license is required.
In addition, during this process, you’ll have to post a Notice of Intention to Sell Alcohol on the front of your future establishment for at least 30 days.
While this is a lot of effort, the ABC has district offices throughout the state with trained staff to help you throughout the process.
How to get a liquor license in California
Getting a liquor license in California follows five steps:
- Initial filing
First, go to your local ABC District Office and speak with their staff, which helps determine which license to apply for and provides you with the initial forms you'll need to start the process.
Next, post a Public Notice of Application on the front of your business for 30 days. The ABC will notify your local officials to ensure you meet all county or city requirements.
ABC conducts a thorough investigation, as required by law, and will gather information to determine if you and the premises of your future business qualify for a license.
- Final review
ABC headquarters reviews everything you've submitted and all the information they gathered during their investigation to make a final decision.
- Issuance of license
When the final review is completed, and everything is approved, you will be issued a license.
California liquor license renewal requirements
As troublesome as it may be to get a new or transferred license in California, it’s super simple to renew.
If your license was suspended in the last year or you're late to renew, you'll have to visit your local ABC District Office. They'll assess any fines or penalties and help you get your license in good standing once again.
Can a liquor license be transferred?
Yes, liquor licenses can be transferred in California. Because California has a limit on On-Sale General (beer, wine, and spirits) licenses, sometimes the only way to get one is to purchase it from another license holder.
To note, just because you purchase a license doesn't mean ABC will accept it. When you purchase a license, you still must go through the same application process as someone getting a new license. The ABC will approve or deny the transfer just as they would approve or deny a new licensee.
What are employee requirements to serve alcohol in California?
The ABC requires any employee or manager who takes orders, makes drinks, or serves alcohol to patrons to be certified by an accredited Responsible Beverage Service training provider. They must also pass an ABC exam within 60 calendar days from the first date of employment.
California’s liquor liability and dram shop laws
California essentially has no dram shop laws; that is, you cannot be held legally responsible for your patrons' actions. This means that if someone becomes intoxicated in your restaurant, decides to drive home and causes an accident on the way; the accident is their fault, not yours.
The only exception to this law is if you knowingly serve an intoxicated minor who then goes on to cause harm. In that particular case, you can be held responsible. Of course, you shouldn't be serving minors in the first place, as it's illegal.
What kind of insurance do you need to get a liquor license in California?
Whether you’re getting your liquor license for a pop-up restaurant or want to serve beers at your burger joint, you need the right insurance to protect your business. Below, you’ll find some of the most common types of business insurance recommended in California.
Liquor Liability insurance
While not required in California, liquor liability insurance can protect your business from some of the risks associated with serving alcohol.
For example, say an intoxicated customer knocks another patron down, causing an injury. Liquor liability insurance can help pay for alcohol-related injuries, property damage, legal and medical fees
General Liability insurance
While not required by law, California general liability insurance protects you from the most common risks that come with operating a business, including slip-and-fall injuries to people who are not your employees and accidental property damage to property you don’t own.
Workers’ Comp insurance
California requires businesses with employees, whether full-time or part-time, to carry workers’ comp insurance. It can help cover expenses if an employee is injured or becomes ill because of their job.
Commercial Property insurance
Commercial property insurance helps protect the things you need to do business, including your inventory, kitchen equipment, front of house furnishings and the structure where your business is located if you own it.
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