Situations that involve strict liability include:
Strict liability rules and regulations vary by jurisdiction, so it’s important to consult local laws and legal experts for precise guidance in specific cases.
Both of the concepts fall within the context of legal liability. The main difference comes down to whether the level of care you’ve exercised is relevant or not:
This means that strict liability and negligence differ regarding how you can defend yourself and what situations each term applies to.
While defenses in strict liability cases are limited compared to negligence, some defenses may still apply. For example, you may have a defense if the harm resulted from unforeseeable circumstances or was not directly caused by the activity or product.
In negligence cases, people often use different defenses, like “contributory negligence,” which means that the person blaming you also caused the harm by being negligent, or “assumption of risk,” which means that the person accusing you knew the risk and still did it anyway.
Strict liability is often used in situations involving inherently dangerous activities or products, such as working with hazardous materials, dangerous animals, or defective products.
On the other hand, negligence can apply to a wide range of cases, including car accidents, slip and fall incidents, medical malpractice, and many others, where the main question is whether someone didn’t take reasonable care.
Businesses that design, make or sell goods need solid liability insurance to protect them if they are sued under strict liability rules.
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